Let's get a few records straight here. First, VW Group (Audi, VW, Seat, Skoda, Bentley, Porsche, Lamborghini) did not manipulate EPA's emissions testing. There is no emissions testing done by the EPA in the first place. The manufacturer tests it's own engines trying to meet the standards of the EPA and CA CARB. There are many guidelines and rules, but there are also many loopholes to conduct such a test. VW, just like almost every other car manufacturer, finds these loopholes. You think the Mercedes or BMW diesel, even though they are some of the most advanced ones, meet all requirements? I think not.
VW manipulated it's own software, which basically only runs tests while the car is being emissions tested but not during regular usage of the vehicle. Diesels have become very clean in the past 30 years, in fact they have cleaned up Diesel engines over 98%. They don't spew that cloud of irritant fumes as they used to blow out. And all modern Diesels have particle filters catching almost anything. Except the NOx. NOx is a variety of nitrogen and oxygen chemical compounds such as NO2, NO3 and others. They only form at very high temperatures. NOx reacts with sunlight in the atmosphere and converts into ozone, which granted, is a highly irritant gas. Even though NOx will make your eyes water, hurt your throat or even exacerbates asthma, your diesel car will not kill you. Except you sniff on it's tailpipe for some time, but then you have other issues to address...
Now, we can debate how bad VW move really was, but lets face it. NOBODY GOT KILLED. It's not like the airbags didn't work, or the seat belts gave out. VW cars are some of the finest and safest cars on the road. Nobody got hurt, except VW will bleed Billions now to a crocked government agency called EPA. Why do I say they are crooks? Well, how come the EPA can toss 3 Million Gallons of toxic and contaminated water into a river and not get fined, sued or pressed charges against? But when a car manufacturer manipulates a software they get crucified? Think about this for a moment. And it will not only be VW, others are also the the list such as Mercedes, BMW, Honda and Nissan.
In the United States a mere 3.2% of cars sold are diesel. The ones of VW group are exactly 482'000 vehicles equipped with the EA189 TDI Diesel Engine. So it's not even every diesel engine, just the EA189. In another country, Switzerland, were the emissions standards are much higher than even CA CARB, which goes up to EURO5 and EURO3 on diesel (Switzerland has now EURO5plus and EURO6), 130'000 vehicles are equipped with the EA189 diesel engine. And VW will recall each one and update the software and get the cars into compliance.
They can do the same in America and instead of milking VW for 18 Billion, they should fine them something, lets say $1000 a car and force them to update each vehicle on the road. This will cost VW quit some money as well and they will learn their lesson. But to see this situation as an opportunity to rape VW of 18 Billion is plain out stupid. Plus, VW lawyered up with BP lawyers and will drag this out forever.
Quit frankly the EPA is a joke. A big joke. They don't do anything about the illegal chemtrailing, the illegal dumping of chemicals, the health hazardous dumping of fluoride in drinking water or their own stupid illegal dumping of toxic waters into rivers... so let's all get a crib on ourselves and see this diesel issue as what it is: a way for the US government to milk a successful German company. Good going America.
Beside, Mr. Maher, your Tesla is mainly running of coal electricity. Almost 70% of power in California comes from coal... so I highly doubt your electric Tesla is as clean as you think. Again, the cars equipped with the "manipulated" engine are mainly Volkswagens like the Jetta or Golf, because the EA189 engine is mainly a 1.4 and 2.0 liter three cylinder engine that's used in these two American sold VW's.